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Revista Studii Teologice

REVISTA FACULTĂŢILOR DE TEOLOGIE DIN PATRIARHIA ROMÂNĂ



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Considerații biblice și patristice asupra inspirației Sfintei Scripturi

Biblical and Patristic Considerations about the inpiration of the Holy Scripture

Autor(i): Pr. Vasile Doru FER


The Holy Scripture is the collection of holy books that the Church calls sacred and canonical, that is infallible and normative for Christian faith and morality, this is because it was written under divine effect. Considered as a whole, the Holy Scripture contains the Revelation of God, the word which He addressed to the human race for salvation, transmitted first orally and then in writing. This setting in writing of the Revelation was made under the influence of the Holy Spirit charisma, namely by inspiration. Thoroughly analyzing the sublimity of the truths in the content of the Scripture, as well as their priceless value for the Christian life, we find that these books are rightly named holy, whether we consider their origin or their content.
As a source of supernatural divine revelation, the Holy Scripture contains the double collection of sacred inspired books, aiming the guidance of Christians on the path that leads to salvation. This consideration has led to their unanimous honor and use in the Church since the first centuries of Christianity.
Since the divine origin of the Holy Scripture, we insisted on clarifying the con-cept of biblical inspiration, according to which we mentioned that the Holy Scripture is mainly helped by God, who enabled people to proceed in writing the sacred words that He had shared. This prompted biblical researchers to also give the Holy Scriptu-re the appellation of “word of God”.
Defining the concept of inspiration, we say that it is the extraordinary and su-pernatural effect exercised by God over reason and human will, in order to discover the divine truths, or in a narrower sense, it means the divine action in the compositi-on of the sacred books, namely the biblical inspiration. The inspiration of the Holy Scripture is therefore the special divine action by which the sacred authors are put in the condition of mind required to write the books that make up the Holy Scripture. Regarded in his intimate being, the inspiration of the Holy Scripture is a mysterious theandric process, held under a harmonious collaboration between the divine power and the hagiographer’ s human nature. Consequently, it is the result of cooperation of two elements: the divine factor, represented by lead author, being God, and the human factors (secondary cause), represented by the sanctified author. The divine main factor consists of a special or extraordinary divine grace, namely of a divine power or work acting on the soul of the sanctified author as a blow, causing and enabling him to transmit in writing what God wants to transmit. The second factor consists of the human nature, by whose collaboration with the divine factor, there occurs the written drafting of the Holy Scripture.
By such action God is the main author of the Holy Scripture, He Himself being the author of the book’s content, of truths and ideas contained in it, and man, the secondary author, he who establishes in perceptible human form, in continuous and active cooperation and guidance of God. Thus, the books of the Holy Scripture have double authority: divine, because they are under divine inspiration, and human because their authors are trustworthy and their books recognized as authentic and complete. When the Church proposes the divine inspiration as truth, it relies on the divine revelation. Actually, inspiration is a truth, that is attested both in the Holy Scripture, in both Testaments, and in the Holy Tradition. Therefore, the Holy Scrip-ture, by its nature, is inspired by the Holy Spirit, the action of inspiration of the Holy Spirit upon the sanctified authors being made by communicating the divine will. In other words, the biblical inspiration means the divine action upon the sanctified authors through whom there was written the Word of God, word with undeniable authority in matters of faith.

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Pagini: 5-18