Revista Studii Teologice


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Paraclisul Sfinţilor Împăraţi Constantin şi Elena

Paraklesis to the Holy Emperors Constantine and Helena

Autor(i): Oana-Mădălina POPESCU

The present study analyses and puts into scientific circulation two religious manuscripts, which have not been published so far, preserved nowadays at the Li-brary of the Romanian Academy, in Bucharest, being recorded under no. 4913 and respectively 2015. They contain an ancient hymn, dedicated to the Saints Constan-tine the Great, the emperor of the Byzantine Empire, and to his mother, Helena. The religious text was elaborated, as we can see, by a person named Tarasios, whom we consider to be the Patriarch of Constantinople. So, we assume that the original form of the hymn was written in Greek, at the end of the eighth century or at the begin-ning of the ninth century and it was translated, subsequently, into the Ancient Sla-vonic, as it was largely used into the Orthodox community, into the Byzantine Com-monwealth.
The Ms. rom. 4913 was written in Romanian, with Cyrillic characters, at Hurezi monastery, in 1776, where another manuscript of this type had been trans-lated, two years before, in 1774. The manuscript 2015, from Cernica Monastery, contains also the hymn, with small differences, therefore we present both variants here, for comparison. The Mss. 4913 and 2521, written at Hurezi monastery, in 1776 and 1774, have been translated into Romanian, having as model the Slavonic printed work, dating back 1696, published during the reign of Constantine Brân-coveanu, the ruler of the country. And, not accidentally they were translated at Hurezi monastery, because that monastic settlement had been dedicated to the Saints Constantine and Helena, being designed as the necropolis of Constantine Brâncoveanu and his family.
The hymn points out some important events of the lives of Constantine the Great and Helena, as the moments of perceiving the Cross in the sky, the discovery of the Cross by the empress Helena, the baptism of the emperor. It also contains some interesting epithets for the emperor and empress, regarded as great rulers and saints, crowned by God, being equal to the Apostles (isapostolos, in Greek).

Pagini: 79-100