Revista Studii Teologice


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Note de lectură despre o teologie a imaginii, între „creştinismele” orientale şi modelul cultural occidental

Notes on a theology of the image, between the oriental „Christianities” and the Western cultural model

Autor(i): Ionuţ Daniel BĂNCILĂ

Setting as point of departure some recent published books and articles on various theological and religio-historical topics (Dimitri Bumazhnov, Kari Kloos, Wouter Hanegraaff), this contribution aims at drawing the profile of different ways of conceptualizing the conceptual place of the image and of the vision of God in the „oriental” and western Christian theologies. As one of these authors rightfully argued, the theological Anthropology was at the center of the Egyptian anthropomorphite controversy of the 5th century, thus modeling ways of approaching the topics of vision and image. The case studies presented are the different anthropological projects of some core writings of this heated theological debate: Ps. Athanasius – On the Body and Soul, the Letters ascribed to St. Anthony the Great and The Life of Avva Aphou from Pemdje, each of them sharing tangled redactional stages in various oriental languages. The tension between a mere „noetic” and an „esthetic” approach are further illustrated with two expressions of the Christian message: the „oriental” and „gnosticizing” Christianities of the Gospel of Philip and Manichaeism, both of them proposing a maximalist approach to divine and mystic vision. In the West, St. Augustine sets the tone of the semiotic approach to the image, which forced it, together with the imagined, to take refuge in the teurgic and magic forms of alternative spiritualties of Western Esotericism, thus generating in the Western epistemic field the „Grand Polemic Narrative” (W. Hanegraaff), as discourse strategy of polemically legitimizing one’s own choices in locating knowledge.

Pagini: 127-147