Revista Studii Teologice


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"Mănăstirea Zlătari din Bucureşti sub domnia lui Constantin Brâncoveanu: documente noi"

Zlătari Monastery during the Reign of Constantin Brâncoveanu: New Documents

Autor(i): Oana Mădălina POPESCU

This study is based on some information, provided by several new documents, unpublished up to now, regarding the history of Zlătari, a monastic church in Bucharest. Dating back from the second half of the sixteenth century, in accordance with the archaeological evidences, this church appears in written documents only at the middle of the seventeenth century.
As we know, the church was dedicated to the Apostolic Throne of Alexandria, by Constantin Brâncoveanu, the ruler of Valachia. The acts we are analysing in our paper bring to light the relations between the above-mentioned patriarchate place and this Romanian monastery on the one hand and reveal the moment of the dedication, on the other hand.
The first act discovered up to the present talking about Zlătari Monastery as being devoted to the Patriarchate of Alexandria comes from the 20 of June 1708. It is about a document, issued by Thoma and his wife Stana, who give a vineyard to Zlătari church, which belonged, at that time, to the Apostolic Throne of Alexandria. Another document, emitted on 1 July 1708, proves that the church was dedicated to the same religious throne in the time of Constantin Brâncoveanu. The two documents we are referring at, written in the Greek Language, are preserved at the Public Record Office.
A deed written in 1719 talks about Dionisois, the hierarch of Ohrida, who was appointed manager of Zlătari, by Samuil Capasulis, the patriarch of Alexandria, so the act underlines the cooperation between the two hierarchs.
There is also a diptych, dating back from the middle of the nineteenth century, issued by Athanasios, the hegoumenos of the monastery, which is very important for the history of the church. It contains the names of the founders of the church and gives some clues about the main stages of construction, restoration and embellishing of this building. It also attests the names of Athanasie and Calistrat, two of the superiors of Zlătari Monastery in the nineteenth century, who have also the dignity of metropolitan bishops of Livia, a diocese of Egipt.
So, assuming as a basis the information provided by the above-mentioned documents, we can draw the conclusion that the monastery is rather a collective foundation than a nobiliary one, although Mihai Cantacuzino, a high official of that time, endowed the church with important estates. Then again, we came to the conclusion that the monastery was dedicated to Alexandria in the time of Constantin Brâncoveanu, on the occasion of the visits of the patriarch Gherasim Palada in Valachia.

Pagini: 83-104