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Revista Studii Teologice

REVISTA FACULTĂŢILOR DE TEOLOGIE DIN PATRIARHIA ROMÂNĂ



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Profesorul de Teologie Constantin N. Tomescu (1890-1983). La 25 de ani de la moarte



Autor(i): Mircea Păcurariu
By his study on „The Professor of Theology Constantin N. Tomescu (1890-1983). The commemoration of 25 years since his death”,Fr.Prof. Mircea Păcurariu adds new information to the biobibliography of Professor Constantin N. Tomescu, as it can be found in the Dictionary of Romanian Theologians, signed by the author of the present study.
Since he was orphaned at the age of 9, the childhood and youth of Professor C. Tomescu were indebted to the archimandrite Nicodim Munteanu, the future Patriarch. Following a brief apprenticeship with a bookshop, under the guidance of archimandrite Nicodim, he was admitted in the autumn of 1904, to the „Veniamin” Theological Seminary of Iaşi, where he was elected chair of the Literary Society „Boldur” of the Seminary students.
In the autumn of 1912, he began attending the Theology courses at the Faculty of Theology in Bucharest, where Ion Dobre, later Nichifor Crainic (1889-1972), numbered among his fellow students. Among his professors were: Dragomir Demetrescu (Church History), Dumitru Boroianu (Canon Law), Ioan Mihălcescu, the future Metropolitan Irineu (Dogmatics and Apologetics). In this period he was appointed librarian of Bucharest „Student Centre” and chair of the Society of Theology Students.
The personality of Professor C. Tomescu asserted itself throughout the period when archbishop Nicodim Munteanu appointed him „In the service of the Bessarabia Church”. He was assigned to several administrative positions, among which: secretary-general (Chancellery director) of the Archdiocese (1925-1942); a member of the Diocesan Assembly of Chişinău Archdiocese, and of the National Church Congress (starting from 1925); editor of the diocesan review Luminătorul.
His outstanding administrative qualities were matched by a thorough theological education, demonstrated by his appointing in 1926 as deputy professor with the Faculty of Theology in Chişinău, where he subsequently became the vicedean. In 1927, he became a Doctor of Theology, with the Th.D. thesis „Metropolitan Grigorie IV of Ungrovlachia”, under the supervision of Fr. Nicolae M. Popescu, professor and Academy member.
The historical work of Prof. Constantin Tomescu boasts countless studies: original, unpublished documents concerning the history of Bessarabia Church, all subsequently published either in volumes, or in brochures and periodicals. In 1929, together with his colleague Toma G. Bulat, he started a specialized publication entitled „The Archives of Bessarabia”, a review devoted to the history and geography of the Moldavian region between the rivers Prut and Nistru.
The same period witnessed his publicistic activity at the highest academic standards. Becoming a subsecretary of state in Romania’s government, he established the National Christian Party together with Alexandru C. Cuza as a co-founder. This capacity as an official would cause him great suffering under the communist regime.
The war years: C. Tomescu’s cultural activity ended with the occupation of Bessarabia by Soviet troops on June 28, 1940. In the watershed years 1940/41, the Chişinău Faculty of Theology took refuge in Iaşi, and in the summer of 1941, when it was expected to return to Chişinău, it was closed instead.
Thus C. Tomescu became a professor at Cernăuţi, with Iustin Moisescu, the future Patriarch, as his colleague. In Cernăuţi he was elected director of the „Royal Cultural Foundation Mihai I, Bukovina region.” In this capacity he organized over 150 cultural centers, endowed with their own libraries, and popular celebrations.
With the installation of the communist regime in Romania, Prof. C. Tomescu was imprisoned for long years. In May 1950, he was allegedly taken to the Sighet prison, in the „company” of Iuliu Maniu, Ion Mihalache, Constantin Dinu Brătianu, Gheorghe Tătărăscu, Gheorghe Brătianu, Constantin C. Giurescu. In 1956, after 7 years of detention, he left the prison but would not enjoy freedom for long. In 1958, having received a letter from his friend metropolitan Visarion Puiu (exiled in Paris), he was arrested by the Securitate and sentenced for „spying” to 20 years of „forced labour” – according to the documents in the CNSAS Archive.
Reposed in the Lord on July 5, 1983, at the age of 93, this professor of high calling, who educated almost 20 generations of Church servants, a fervent patriot who fully contributed to the „Romanization” of Bessarabia after the 1918 union, bequeathed to us his vast work in the service of the Church and the Romanian people.



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Pagini: 7-26