Revista Studii Teologice


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A few historic and theological considerations regarding the action of the roman-catholicism in the orthodox east until the second world war

Autor(i): Pr. lect. dr. Nechita Runcan
The action of the Romano–Catholicism in the Orthodox East until the second World War can be expressed through the words expansion and domination, meaning the expansion of the Romano–Catholic Church in the whole Christian and non-Christian world, under the supreme guidance of Rome’s Archbishop that considered himself as the unique seen head of the universal Church.
The Roman idea of Catholic “expansion” and of the papal “supremacy” started in the Middle Ages, inspiring the political and religious action of the Vatican in its relations to the Eastern Orthodox World. The papacy strived to put this idea into practice through all the church and the worldly means. Despite the fact that in its striving of conquest and domination it met the opposition and the resistance of some sovereigns, its monarchic – theocratic program consisted in the unification of Christianity and of the whole world into a “corpus christianum”, under the effective leading of the supreme pontiff, in the way Jesus’ words were interpreted in Rome, about a “a herd and a shepherd”. This universal Roman ideal gave the Papal Church the continuous impulse towards a propagandistic action, making it authoritarian, offensive and sometimes proselytist. In fact this ideal was followed in two directions: the conversion of the non–Christian world through mission and the unification of the Christian world through the submission of all the other Churches to the Church of Rome.

Pagini: 68-86